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  • 微生物實驗室工作規程與設備基本要求

    來源:http://www.dogpageants.com/ 發布時間:2022-11-03
    無菌實驗室裝修設計和普通的實驗室不同,無菌實驗室主要用于生物化學、生物醫學、微生物學、動物實驗、基因重組以及生物制品等研究使用的實驗室,統稱為潔凈實驗室。因此無菌實驗室裝修在設應當注意什么呢?
    The decoration design of sterile laboratories is different from that of ordinary laboratories. The sterile laboratories are mainly used for research on biochemistry, biomedicine, microbiology, animal experiments, gene recombination and biological products, which are collectively referred to as clean laboratories. So what should we pay attention to when decorating aseptic laboratories?
    1、樣品的轉運和人員流動:分配實驗室區域,先應考慮工作流程、樣品的轉運和流轉、生物安全因素等。
    1. Sample transfer and personnel flow: When allocating the laboratory area, the workflow, sample transfer and flow, biosafety factors, etc. should be considered first.
    2、靈活性:實驗室設計能否適應未來發展變化的需要是重要的。
    2. Flexibility: It is important whether the laboratory design can adapt to the needs of future development and changes.
    3、安全性:實驗室的設計和大小應考慮安全性,滿足緊急清除和疏散出口的建筑規則,針對各實驗室情況配備安全設備。距危險化學試劑30米內,應設有緊急洗眼處和淋浴室。所有的實驗室和與污染物直接接觸的地方均應安裝洗手池,將洗手池設在出口處。洗手池應是獨立專用的,不能與污染物處理及實驗混用。
    3. Safety: The design and size of the laboratory should consider safety, meet the building rules for emergency clearance and evacuation exits, and provide safety equipment for each laboratory. Emergency eyewash and shower room shall be set within 30 meters from dangerous chemical reagents. All laboratories and places in direct contact with pollutants shall be equipped with hand basins, which shall be set at the exit. The hand washing basin shall be independent and dedicated, and shall not be mixed with pollutant treatment and experiment.
    無菌實驗室裝修
    4、設立煙霧罩和安全設施:任何安全罩的放置均應盡量遠離出口處,以符合有害實驗遠離主通道的原則。裝修實驗室要求材料防潮、耐腐蝕、不掉色;要求充分考慮實驗室的墻壁、天花板和地面應平整、易清潔、不滲水、耐化學品和消毒劑的腐蝕;門窗的密閉性,建議使用推拉式門,所有實驗室要求無門檻;地面建議使用水磨石或防滑地磚。
    4. Smoke hood and safety facilities shall be set up: any safety hood shall be placed as far away from the exit as possible to comply with the principle of keeping harmful experiments away from the main channel. The decoration laboratory requires that the materials should be moisture-proof, corrosion-resistant and colorfast; It is required to fully consider that the walls, ceilings and floors of the laboratory should be flat, easy to clean, impervious to water, and resistant to the corrosion of chemicals and disinfectants; For the airtightness of doors and windows, it is recommended to use push-pull doors, and all laboratories are required to have no threshold; Terrazzo or anti-skid floor tiles are recommended for the floor.
    5、實驗臺面應防水,耐腐蝕、耐熱。無菌室實驗室凈化裝修時,邊臺墻面和教師講臺各配備兩組多功能插座,實驗操作臺采用帶儲物柜式的,臺面設計藥品架,桌臺設計應考慮方便實驗操作,如桌臺下方略凹能容納坐姿實驗者的雙腿,實驗桌臺每隔1m左右(或者每組實驗臺)設立兩組多功能插座等。實驗室中的家具應牢固,為便于清潔,各種家具和設備之間應保持一定間隙,應有專門放置生物學廢棄物容器的臺(或架)。
    5. The test table shall be waterproof, corrosion resistant and heat resistant. During the purification and decoration of the laboratory in the sterile room, the wall of the side table and the teacher's platform are equipped with two sets of multi-functional sockets respectively. The experimental console is of the type with lockers. The table top is designed with a drug rack. The design of the table should consider facilitating the experimental operation. For example, the lower part of the table is slightly concave enough to accommodate the legs of the seated experimenter. The experimental table is equipped with two sets of multi-functional sockets every 1m or so (or each group of experimental tables). The furniture in the laboratory should be firm. In order to facilitate cleaning, a certain gap should be kept between various furniture and equipment. There should be a platform (or frame) for placing biological waste containers.
    無菌實驗室裝修在設應當注意什么?以上就是問題的相關解答內容了,我們從5個方面來給您參考信息,您還有什么問題就來我們網站http://www.dogpageants.com進行咨詢了解吧!
    What should we pay attention to when decorating aseptic laboratories? The above is the relevant answers to the questions. We will give you reference information from five aspects. If you have any questions, please come to our website http://www.dogpageants.com Consult and understand!
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